Apologies for the further delay, but we were having technical issues with uploading pictures from different recruitment websites. These pictures were supposed to explain step by step how to do an effective job search. We managed to upload one photo out of the pack and decided to go ahead with the post as it was an important picture we were able to upload.
There are many recruitment website applicants can use for job search. There are generic sites like Indeed, Reed, Totaljobs, Simplyhired, Jobisjob, Trovit, cv-library, Jobrapido, the Guardian job, Jobsite etc. Then there are more specific jobs for certain sectors such as; local council job website (for local civil service jobs), TES (Time Education Supplement- education jobs), Trac jobs (for health jobs), Retailchoice (for retail jobs), etc. When using any generic recruitment search, it is best to search for jobs directly from the employers. Employers pay a premium for their adverts and will consider all applications during the recruitment stages. This option is always in the “advance” search or the “more” search. The rest of the adverts are agencies that paid to have multiple adverts. Please see the example below with the Indeed website. We used other websites to show variety but was unable to upload.
When you see a job advert you want to apply to, check the Person Specification (PS) first before checking the Job Description (JD). The PS inform you of what skills, qualities and qualification that are important for the role. Remember, you don’t have to have all the skills and qualities, but the more you match, the better chance you will have of securing that all-important interview. The only section of the PS you must have is the qualification and or registrations. If you do not match the essential qualifications and/or registration, DO NOT apply. Your application or CV will not be shortlisted even if you matched the rest of the PS 100%. For example, in the health sector- all clinicians must have the correct qualifications associated with their profession and be registered with the appropriate regulating bodies. Gas Engineer, Accountants, Solicitors, etc., need to have the qualification and be registered. The reasons for this are for insurance purposes and accountability.
This post is to help our British readers and customers write a winning CV to help them land the (dream) Job. This first presentation explains what a CV is and why it is important. It gives a brief description of the three main types of CV. The next presentation explains how to draft a winning chronological CV/combination CV. In the reference section, there are links and examples of how to write a Functional CV.
What is a CV
Writing a winning CV
isc Professionals: https://www.interview-skills.co.uk/free-information/successful-cv-writing/different-types-of-cvs
Personal Statement/Supporting Statement and Cover Letter
State at the start why you are applying for the position (if it is in a form of a cover letter).
The cover letter/personal statement is you trying to explain how you got the essential skills from the Person Specification (PS). Assign a paragraph to each heading or subheading of the PS. Give an example of where and how you gain the skills. These skills do not exclusive have to be from employment, but volunteering and education. Remember that education gives you vital skills, not just a qualification.
Include a confidentiality and diversity paragraph. Employers’ love this, especially in a very diverse city like London or people-orientated role/sector such as health, education, transport, etc.
Include a paragraph about why you want to work for the company (researching the company is a must first place to start is their values, mission and vision statements. Glassdoor will give you additional insights from employees that can be very valuable. Reviews about the company can tell you customers and clients’ experiences).
The statement can secure an applicant for an interview. Employers sometimes use a recruitment system software that will focus on the personal statement to narrow down applicants for shortlisting. They will do this based on how well applicants match the essential criteria on the PS. Applicants don’t need to match all the criteria on each heading or subheading (except for the qualification). The more criteria matched, the stronger the application and the likelihood the applicant will be shortlisted for an interview. Try to use the terminologies from the PS; these will be easier to recognise if a company uses software to narrow down their applicants. Companies will never reveal their shortlisting techniques (i.e., human or machine), so it is best to use the same terminologies from the PS and the industry (i.e., in the health sector: diagnosed, referrals, care plan, etc.)
A cover letter needs to end with a “Yours Faithfully” (UK version) or “Yours Truly” (US version) if “Dear Sir or Madam” was used to address the receiver. “Yours Sincerely” (UK version) or “Sincerely Yours” (US version) if a person’s name (i.e., Dear Mr Smith) is used. Remember before the closing with “Yours…. “, inform the receiver that you expect to hear the outcome of your application.
Sorry about the delay in the employment series. A lot was happening behind the scene both professionally and personally. This is the only time we will post outside of Mondays so that this series is out within the time frame we set. Enjoy.
Some suggestions of interview questions to ask:
Can you give a brief break down of the day to day activities of my role?
Are there any opportunities for growth, training and progression in my role or within the company?
Can you tell me more about the team I’ll be working in?
What is the turnover of staff within the company or within my role?
What are the challenges do you expect an employee to face in this position?
How will you measure the post holder success?
What do you expect the post holder to achieve in their first 6 months to a year?
Can you describe the working culture?
Between now and April we do posts on employment, where we will support you with how to write a strong CV (not resume as this is American and completely different from British CV); how to nail a job interview, and how to use job search websites in an effective way to receive a better response from employers. This series is heavily based for our British Readers as we only know about British employment, but our readers from around the world may benefit from some of the advice and suggestions. As always in the Reference section, there will be links for further support from different parts of the world.
To those who enjoyed our beauty and hair post, we will make this our main blogging focus again after April 2021. Right now, we are posting information on current affairs affecting the general population.
Thank you very much for your readership; we appreciate all the love, support, suggestions and feedbacks.
Enjoy our wide range of accessories and services
This is a video showcasing our full range of products at the moment.
Due to Covid, lockdown and the strict restriction in London and the South East of England, our launch of new hair accessories is delayed and postponed till the summer of this year (hopefully).
The year 2020 was tough, but what makes it even tougher is the financial ramification it brought. 2020 started one of the worst recessions to happen in history with hundreds of thousands of jobs lost at the end of 2020 and more expected in 2021. What generally happens in a society that is facing financial austerity is an increase in the crime rate; especially financial crimes as people become more desperate. This is why we decided to do a post on fraud, as many people (both individuals and businesses) are now experiencing some form of fraud. Businesses experience the most fraud (reporting 65% of fraud) and the rest of the victims are individuals.
What is Fraud?
Fraud is a deceitful act where individual/s tries to gain financial advantages dishonestly over another person or business.
Fraud cost the UK around £130bn to £190bn a year, according to the Action Fraud Police website.
What are the most common Frauds?
Phishing; This is when fraudsters attempt to access an individual’s sensitive data (such as bank details, user name, password, card payment details, etc.). They pretend to be part of a trustworthy and respective organisation, through any communication method such as text, email, phone call, etc. This fraud requires the data entry of sensitive data by clicking or visiting a fake link.
- Most Common Impersonated Companies
Banks and Building Society: Fraudsters love to disguise themselves as a Bank or Building Society, especially via email communication.
Governmental Departments: The most governmental department fraudsters impersonate is HMRC (Her Majesty Revenue and Custom), aka the Tax Man. Now DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) is on fraudsters list for car tax fraud. NHS (National Health Service) is also on the list for fraudsters but it is mostly aimed at NHS staff members.
Investment Scam; This is when fraudsters use pressurised, extremely intensive and persuasive sales techniques to lure their victims to invest in non-existing, worthless or cloned products such as gold, properties, lands, wines, painting, cryptocurrencies and carbon credits.
Invoice Scam; This is fraud is aimed at businesses. It is when fraudsters email a fraudulent invoice for a transaction (such as products or services) that did not take place.
Insurance; In the UK the most common insurance fraud in the UK is car insurance, where fraudsters pretend that their car is stolen or they cause car accident on purpose by pulling out unexpectedly, breaking sharply, reversing or slowing down unnecessarily too. These incidents usually take place at roundabout and junctions but it can also take place at motorways and dual carriageway.
Customer; This involves a wide verity of frauds that consumers can experience such as dodgy tradesmen, call centre cold calls, shopping fraud, online shopping, premium rate call lines, etc. Also, some businesses may illegally charge far more than the set price on items the government issues- This involves a wide variety of frauds that consumers can experience such as dodgy tradesmen, call centre cold calls, shopping fraud, online shopping, premium rate call lines, etc. Also, some businesses may illegally charge far more than the set price on items the government issues- this is an illegal practice and cross-reference with the going rate (this is where it is great to have smartphones). Items that this can be done things like postage stamps.
International Investment Scam; This is when either a Solicitor (Lawyer in the US) or some random family member a deceased person requests financial support, helping them get the inheritance, for a bigger return once the inheritance is released.
How to Spot A Fraud?
- Language: Phishing frauds are usually poorly written and are extremely vague. It also doesn’t usually address the recipient in the correct tone, manner or even name.
- Format: The presentation of phishing is not in the same format the company they are disguising uses. For example, individual banks and building societies follow a format and presentation they use to email their customer. Governmental Departments have a very strict format in how they contact their clients and it doesn’t involve any of the phishing methods. Governmental departments hardly contact customers to voluntarily offer to give them money, such as a refund or overpayment. It is usually the customers who act on this first by filling out a very long, winded-form (that probably requires months to fill and digging Great Great Grandmothers for their inputs) from either their GOV.UK website or the Post Office.
- Legal Source: Check out the source (i.e., email address, telephone number, etc.) of the email and telephone number. Please know that if the email doesn’t end with .gov.uk for example, it is highly unlikely coming from a governmental department, such as HMRC and DVLA as it is illegal for the none governmental body to use this domain. Also, banks, building societies and governmental department rarely use the mobile phone numbers to contact customers.
- Illegal Calls: It’s illegal for anyone to cold call you for potential investment here in the UK and if such call is received, it is highly likely that this is a scam.
- (FCA) Financial Conduct Authority: If the investment company is not listed in the FCA Financial Service Register, then be careful as all legitimate investment and financial companies are listed in this register. The FCA is the UK official financial regulating body.
- Recognition: Ensure you recognised the companies you have done businesses.
- Be Aware: pay close attention to the road and the driver in front and by the side of you.
- Research: Research the companies you want to have some form of consumer/business relationship with. There are different business structures in the UK depending on the type of business; the most common for SME (small or medium-sized enterprise) business structures are Private Limited companies (limited companies) and Sole Traders. Limited companies have to be registered with Companies House; this is a good place to start your research.
- Business Dealing: Phishing fraudsters send large communication hoping someone takes the bait. If you have never done any business with that company, it is a fraud; this tends to be the case with the Banks and Building Societies.
Who is at Risk?
Anyone and everyone is at risk, especially businesses (see the statistic above). With individual, it is reported that young people are now more at risks more than a then older generation.
How to Be Protected?
- Research: Research the company that is contacting you. Research the name, email address and even number (if it is a landline). Research the industry (especially investment) and research any regulating bodies in the industry. Find out if the company is part of that body (Don’t just take the company’s word for it). Remember some professionals has to be part of a regulating body for them to be legally recognised and work (i.e., medical and health industry-such as doctors, nurses, etc.; gas engineers, etc).
- Recommendations and Review: Get recommendations or look at the reviews (many start-ups may not have any reviews, which is why researching the company is very important). For Sole Traders- the recommendation is very important (please remember that this may not always protect you).
- Shop Around/Quotation: Shop around and see what the going rate. Seek more than one quote (rule of thumb tends to be 3) and where possible (especially with sole trader home renovation) go and physically see their work and talk to former customers (if possible).
- Call the Company: This is so important to phishing fraud. Please contact the company directly (research the real company’s number- HMRC, DVLA, your Bank, NHS, etc.). It is time-consuming (waiting 10 years on the phone whilst listening to a piece of repetitive classical music), but this will save you headache, heartache and potential financial troubles in the long run; as they will confirm how legit the contact/communication was.
- Online Protection: Invest in really good online antivirus protection. These antivirus protections are sophisticated and can do more than protect you from virus; it can also protect you from identity theft, allow a safer way to make payment online, secure Virtual Private Network (VPN) and so much more.
Reporting A Fraud
Police/999: First point of contact if you or someone you know may be in immediate danger or at risk of harm.
Action Fraud: This is a section of the police, and they are the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau for fraud and scams. They can be contacted on 0300 123 2040 Monday to Friday 08:00 to 20:00. The number is the same for abroad with the added UK code which is +44. Those who are hard of hearing or deaf can dial 0300 123 2050. To make an online report click here. To find out more visit: https://www.actionfraud.police.uk/
National Cyber Security Centre: This government department deals with all types of phishing, fraud and online security. They can stop and/or block the people from sending any more emails. Please note they don’t deal with crimes, Action Fraud is the organisation to contact for victims of fraud and scam crimes. A suspicious email should be forwarded to SERS (Suspicious Email Reporting Service) at email@example.com. Suspicious texts can be forward to this number: 7726
This list of contact was taken from the Department of Justice and this government website list all the different fraud department contact details:
If you are in need of legal advice, please contact your local bar association at www.findlegalhelp.org. The Fraud Section conducts criminal prosecutions and cannot provide legal advice to citizens.
If you would like to report fraud, please contact the appropriate investigative agency as follows:
Consumer Fraud and Identity Theft
Contact the Federal Trade Commission at 1-877-FTC-HELP, 1-877-ID-THEFT, or online at www.ftc.gov.
Contact the National Center for Disaster Fraud at (866) 720-5721, by fax at (225) 334-4707 or submit a complaint through the NCDF Web Complaint Form.
Correspondence may be sent to:
National Center for Disaster Fraud
Baton Rouge, LA 70821-4909
General Fraud and Other Criminal Matters
Contact the FBI at (202) 324-3000, or online at www.fbi.gov or tips.fbi.gov.
Health Care Fraud, Medicare/Medicaid Fraud, and Related Matters
Contact the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General at 1-800-HHS-TIPS, or online at www.oig.hhs.gov.
Internet Fraud and Lottery/Sweepstakes Fraud by Internet
Contact the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) online at www.ic3.gov.
Mail Fraud and Lottery/Sweepstakes Fraud
Contact the U.S. Postal Inspection Service at 1-800-372-8347, or online at postalinspectors.uspis.gov.
Contact the Securities and Exchange Commission at 1-800-SEC-0330, or online at www.sec.gov or www.sec.gov/complaint/select.shtml.
Police/112: First point of contact if you or someone you know may be in immediate danger or at risk of harm.
European Anti-Fraud Office: Fraud can be reported here
This website allows individuals from individual countries to report fraud and cyber-crimes to the official organisation assigned for this.
PS: There are some scams and fraud which are legal, it is rare but they exist. A perfect example is a logo. There are companies out there who will charge about £1000 to register company logos, but the official place to register your logo are Intellectual Property by the .gov.uk website (UK), USPTO website (US) and EUIPO for the rest of Europe, so start-ups beware.
Please note, that there are many more different types of fraud and these lists are not exhausted. One rule of thumb to remember: “If it is too good to be true, it probably is”. Don’t be a victim and be vigilant at all time.
What is it?
Menopause is the natural circle where the female hormones’ oestrogen and progesterone decreases and women’s fatality come to an end. Women’s menstrual circle (periods) ceases, the body can no longer release eggs (women are born with all their eggs), and they can no longer conceive children naturally.
The process of menopause can take place suddenly or progressively and on average can last for about 4 years. However, 10% of the female population can experience menopause for up to 12 years. Menopause starts between the ages of 44 and 55, but some women can experience it at a young age (premature menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency is used to describe menopause experienced by younger women). There are some factors which may cause premature menopause such as some breast cancer treatments (Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy), removal of the ovaries and some underlying conditions such as Addison’s Disease and Down’s Syndrome.
Many women will experience symptoms and some at a more severe level. The symptoms of menopause are:
Hot Flushes: Is a sudden heat that spreads throughout your body, but there was no causation for this to take place. Sweat, heat or heart palpitation and flush on the face may be experienced during hot flushes.
Racing Heart: Heart palpitation (heart beating fast, strong (can feel the heart beating) or irregular) may increase between 8 to 16 beats per minutes (regular resting heartbeat is between 60-100 beats per minute) whilst experiencing hot flushes due to the huge drop in oestrogen level. There are times when a woman can experience heart palpitation when the body suffers a hormone imbalance such as pregnancy and during their menstrual circle.
Night Sweat: This is when your clothing and bedding is extremely wet, and the room or atmosphere is cool/cold.
Vaginal Dryness (discomfort during sexual intimacy): This can be self-rectified by using water-based lubricants before and during intimacy; part take in foreplay for longer and use unperfumed soap. If this continues, you may want to seek medical advice and referral.
Difficulty in Sleeping: If you are finding it very difficult to sleep, you can go to your Doctors who can advise on the right treatment for you; such as CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy), or you could talk to your local pharmacist.
Low Mood or Anxiety: This is when the person feels sad, anxious, etc. See our mental health post here for more information on how to get support.
Low Libido (Low Sex Drive): For anyone worried about this, please speak to your UK GP (General Practitioner) or your regular doctor (outside the UK) for advice. You can seek information or referrals from other health professionals such as, Psychosexual Therapist or your local pharmacy as well as visiting sexual health services in your local area or visit this charity website: https://sexualadviceassociation.co.uk/ which offers many fact sheets on different sexual problems.
Increase Urination: Some women may experience Overactive Bladder (OAB), this can include anything from urine leakage (leaking urine before getting to the bathroom), using the bathroom two to three times a night, to a sudden urge to use the bathroom and urinating more often. OAB may increase the likelihood of a fall as you are trying to rush to use the bathroom.
Dry Skin, Mouth and Eyes: Menopause can bring many changes to the skin (think puberty but minus the wrinkle) such as tingling, pins and needles in some extreme cases; these symptoms are called paraesthesia. Some women may even experience formication; this is when you think you have creepy crawlers (insects) crawling up and down your skin. If you experience any itchiness on the skin for more than 3 days, please seek medical advice to rule out any other underlying health issues. Menopause can also cause your tears ducts to dry out.
Weight Gain and Low Metabolism: Weight gain is not a sudden process during menopause, but rather a gradual process. Individual lifestyle choices and other factors can impact the speed at which they gain weight.
Loss of Breast Fullness: This happens when the skin and connective tissues become dehydrated and have less elasticity, therefore the breasts lose firmness and fullness.
Sore or Tender Breast: This can be a burning, soreness, throbbing, stabbing or sharp pain in one or both breasts. The discomfort can vary from woman to woman and this pain is different from puberty or menstrual sore breast.
Hair Loss or Thinning on the Scalp: is caused by the drop in oestrogen and progesterone level. These two hormones are very important in supporting hair growth. These hormones encourage speedy hair grown and allows the hair follicles to stay on the scalp for longer. These hormones are the main components to thickening the hair, however, due to drop of these hormones in the body and the hormonal imbalance, the hair can become thin and hair loss can occur.
Increase Hair Growth on Other Parts of the Body: Dues to the hormonal imbalance.
Headaches: Headaches in some women (the severity varies from women to women) tend to take place during perimenopause as the hormonal imbalance isn’t consistent.
Reduction in Bone and Muscle Masses: Oestrogen is a natural protector of the bone and the drop of oestrogen can cause the development of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis causes the bone to become less dense and thin.
Memory Problems and Difficulties in Concentration: Research has found that just under 2/3 of middle-aged women have experienced some form of cognitive issue, including concentration and the numbers increase in women experiencing perimenopause.
How to Reduce Hair Loss
A healthy diet can play an important role in hair loss during menopause.
Complex proteins are the making of hair, and the main protein that makes up the hair strand is Keratin. Amino acid makes up keratin. Eating protein and amino acid-rich diet can enhance the health of the hair and support the strength of each strand during menopause and perimenopause.
Ascorbic acid, otherwise known as Vitamin C, is great at stimulating healthy hair regrowth after hair loss, as well as promoting healthy hair, by removing free radicals due to its anti-oxidant properties; this protects any structural damage to the protein in the hair. Shampoo that has ascorbic acid is very effective at removing mineral build-up from the scalp and hair and improving the hair’s ability to absorb moisture (water).
Vitamin A can help to speed up the rebuilding of new cells, and it is a key vitamin for retaining the moisture in the hair whilst preventing brittleness.
Linoleic acid (Omega 6 fatty acids) and poly-saturated fats are vital to strengthening the hair structure. This acid and fats are found in various fish, olive oil and flaxseed, and are regarded as good fat.
Niacin is also known as Vitamin B3: It is great at converting food into energy in the blood. Niacin helping to maintain the structure of the blood cells, and improving blood circulation. This vitamin will help the flow of the blood to the scalp as well as providing the scalp and hair follicles with vital nutrients it needs for health and; therefore reducing the effect of menopause.
Iron just like Niacin helps with providing good blood flow and essential nutrient to the body and scalp. Meat such as the liver and dark green vegetables such as spinach is a rich source of iron.
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) is also a very good vitamin for blood flow. It aids in the production of red blood cells which carries oxygen around the body. It is responsible for maintaining the hair colour. Unfortunately, this vitamin is mostly found in meat and fish products so vegans and vegetarian will need to take supplements of Vitamin B12 to benefit from its goodness and not become deficient.
Another Vitamin B that can support hair health, reduce grey hair and rebuild the follicle cells is Folates. Cod, green peas, white beans, egg and liver are all sources of folates.
The scientific name for Vitamin B5 is pantothenic acid. This vitamin strengthens the cells in the hair follicles and aids a healthy balance of sebum (oil the scalp produce) and moistures which helps to reduce Dandruff and/or itchy scalp. Egg yolk, tomatoes, beef, sweet potatoes, fish and liver.
Due to the drop of the female hormones during menopause, zinc is a vital mineral to have during this stage of a woman’s life as it helps to regulate the hormones in the body. Zinc reinforces the building of protein structure within the body and can play an important part in the construction of DNA. Zinc is found in spinach, egg, sweet potatoes, oysters, nuts, and chickpeas.
Stress is very important in how often it shreds. During menopause, the body is under a lot of stress, and it is then vital to find time to relax and de-stress. These activities can help to reduce stress: walking/exercise, listening to music, massage/pampering, socialising, talking about your stressors/problems, meditation, etc.
Hydration is very important, both external and internal. Drinking plenty of water or sources (oranges, grapefruit, cucumber, coconut water, etc.) rich in water will help to combat hair loss.
Cutting the use of direct heat and/or chemical processing the hair can support the health of your hair. Direct heat can dry out the strands, breaking the hair bond, causing brittleness, and increasing the chance of breakage. Chemicals can break down the proteins and the bond in the strands weakening the hair, and accumulating in the likelihood of breakage. Swimmers should protect the hair by wearing swimming caps, deep condition often as chlorine can dry out and damage the hair causing hair breakage and loss.
IF you’re worried about hair loss or any of the symptoms mentioned in this post during the menopause, you can seek medical advice from your doctor, who can refer you to either a dermatologist (skin specialist) or a trichologist (hair specialist). For women who are experiencing continuous or adverse effects of the menopause, your doctor may prescribe you Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)- please be aware that HRT can have side effects as HRT are synthetic (man-made) hormonal drugs.
NHS (2018); Menopause; NHS; https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/menopause/
NHS (2018); Treatment Menopause; NHS; https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/menopause/treatment/
Mayo Clinical Staff (2020); Menopause; Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/symptoms-causes/syc-20353397
Huizen. J Ernst. H and PA-C (2020); Everything You Should Know About Menopause; Healthline; https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause#symptoms
Healey. N and Jarvis. S MBE (2019); Does the menopause cause hair loss? Patient; https://patient.info/news-and-features/does-the-menopause-cause-hair-loss#:~:text=%22Hair%20loss%20during%20menopause%20is,much%20thinner%2C%22%20Denning%20explains.
Cappelloni. L, Sullivan, D (2019); Menopause Hair Loss Prevention; Healthline; https://www.healthline.com/health/menopause/hair-loss
The Marion Gluck Clinic (Accessed 11/2020); 10 Nutrients For Healthy Hair During Menopause; https://www.mariongluckclinic.com/blog/nutrients-healthy-hair-menopause.html
Durward, E (Accessed 11/2020); Hair loss and menopause Hair loss can occur because of the menopause; A. Vogel; https://www.avogel.co.uk/health/menopause/symptoms/hair-loss/